Yes, the U.S. Census Bureau published the Statistical Abstract of the United States which serves as the National Data Book. It contains a collection of statistics on social and economic conditions in the United States. Selected international data are also included.
The Abstract is also your Guide to Sources of other data from the Census Bureau, other Federal agencies, and private organizations. The Social Science and History Department owns the Statistical Abstract in paper format from 1878 to the present. Online versions of the Statistical Abstract from 1878 - 2012 are also available.
Another source of statistical information from the Federal government is FedStats. FedStats provides easy access to statistics and information produced by more than 70 U.S. Federal Government agencies. All of the statistical information available through FedStats is maintained and updated solely by Federal agencies on their own Internet servers.
Since 1981 the Pennsylvania State Data Center has served as the Commonwealth's official source of demographic and economic data. The PSDC can provide you with population, social, housing and economic characteristics of the state of Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia Regional statistical data is available from the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce.
U.S. Census Bureau's website, FedStats, Pennsylvania State Data Center, Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce