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Fall Programming for Children and Families

The fall season is upon us, and along with turning leaves and back-to-school resources, the Free Library is here to help you and your family learn, grow, and play every day. For the Whole Family The Free Library’s Fall Learning…

37 Free Library Locations to Serve as Polling Places in 2020 Presidential Election

If you do not plan to vote by mail, please plan to vote at the polls on  Election Day, Tuesday, November 3 ! Despite COVID-19, many of our neighborhood libraries will again be designated as voting locations. These libraries will be…

Join the Languages and Learning Center for Virtual English, Japanese, and Spanish Language Learning!

The Languages and Learning Center supports Philadelphia adults in their individual learning goals, including language learning, basic education, and digital literacy. This fall, all of our programs are taking place virtually . We have…

The Torresdale Library... is Haunted!

People have had a fascination with haunted houses for centuries. This year, the Torresdale Library has taken their Haunted House online! These spooky places fill us with chills as spirits and ghosts slide through hallways, knocking…

Business Librarian and Business Owner: Let's Talk Money

Managing the finances of a small business can be one of the most intimidating and challenging aspects of running a business. If you’re just not that into numbers (like me), it can be difficult to keep a balance between effectively…

Picture Book Highlights | Happy Halloween

Are you getting ready for Halloween? It’s going to be a bit different this year, I know. But what never changes are the books that help us celebrate this fun (and spooky!) holiday. You will have plenty to choose from this mix of…

Check Out All of the Field Teen Center's Virtual Programs and Online Resources This TeenTober!

Each October, the Young Adult Library Services Association celebrates TeenTober . It’s a nationwide celebration which "aims to celebrate teens, promote year-round, innovative teen services that help teens learn new skills,…

G.E.D. Test Prep

A few years back, when I was an Afterschool Program Facilitator ( LEAP Leader) at my neighborhood library, one of the mothers of a student who regularly attended came in and asked if I could help her with some school work. When I…

Your Complete Guide to Mail-In Voting

With Election Day coming up on November 3, it is critical that all citizens are aware of how to make their voices safely and properly heard. This post will cover the basics of mail-in voting and how you can make sure your vote counts…

Author Events Fall 2020 Schedule

Like all of you, we’re adapting to the realities of social distancing in the era of COVID-19. And while we can’t gather in the Parkway Central Library ’s auditorium for a new season of Author Events , we can still…

How to Apply for Emergency Rental Assistance: A Walk-through for Tenants and Landlords

Are you a renter who has lost income due to COVID-19? You may qualify for rental assistance through the City of Philadelphia's Emergency Rental Assistance Program . Phase 2 of this program is currently accepting applications, and…

Happy Dictionary Day!

HEY, SIRI! SPELL "DICTIONARY"! In an age where access to the internet is at our fingertips, we oftentimes rely on apps like Siri and AI technologies such as Alexa to provide us with fast and quick answers to our many…

Health Literacy Month

October is Health Literacy Month and certainly in October 2020—health is on everyone’s mind. At the Free Library, "literacy" is one of our favorite words, as it means "being able to understand." …

It's Winnie the Pooh's Birthday!

In these difficult times, the birthday of a beloved book, TV, and movie character from childhood feels like the perfect excuse to curl up within the comfort and safety of nostalgia. And boy do we need it! For so many of us, Winnie the…

Celebrate National Dessert Day in Philadelphia!

Need an excuse to satisfy your sweet tooth? We are here to help! Today, October 14, is National Dessert Day , and a great opportunity to break out your favorite dessert of choice. While I truly believe that this year deserves multiple…

Voting by Mail? Avoid "Naked Ballots"!

Updated Tuesday, October 20, 2020 12:15 p.m. Spanish and Chinese translations have been added to this blog post. In the real world, small technical details count for a lot. How many checks were never cashed because the person who wrote…

Indigenous Peoples' Day Philly

Though I’ve lived in so-called Philadelphia for several years, it was only last year that I learned that Lenapehoking is the name of this place so many of us call home. In learning how to acknowledge the ancestral homeland of the…

Language Through My Kitchen: Latin Cuisine

The Latin American Book Fair , in partnership with the Culinary Literacy Center , will be presenting Language Through My Kitchen: Latin Cuisine , during a virtual event broadcast on Facebook on Friday, October 16, 10:00 a.m. to…

National Depression Screening Day

by Jessica Walker and Allegra D'ambruoso According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimates that 16.2 million U.S. adults had at least one major depressive episode. This represents 6.7 percent of the U.S. adult…

Join Our New YA and Adult Multicultural Book Club!

Are you interested in reading new authors? Are you looking for a safe place to discuss literature and culture? Then this book club is for you! The YA / Adult Multicultural Book Club has a focus on authors of color and expanding cultural…

Teen Virtual Book Club: Felix Ever After by Kacen Callender

Are you a teen who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you! Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their teen patrons…

Teen Virtual Book Club: Felix Ever After by Kacen Callender

Are you a teen who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you! Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their teen patrons…

Teen Virtual Book Club: Felix Ever After by Kacen Callender

Are you a teen who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you! Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their teen patrons…

Adult Virtual Book Club: Another Brooklyn

Are you an adult who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you!   Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their…

Adult Virtual Book Club: Another Brooklyn

Are you an adult who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you!   Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their…

Adult Virtual Book Club: Another Brooklyn

Are you an adult who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you!   Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their…

Headshots at the BRIC!

Get a FREE headshot photo taken at the Business Resource and Innovation Center! Headshots are a unique service for entrepreneurs, nonprofit professionals, job seekers, and more.  Use your photo to enhance your professional…

Headshots at the BRIC!

Get a FREE headshot photo taken at the Business Resource and Innovation Center! Headshots are a unique service for entrepreneurs, nonprofit professionals, job seekers, and more.  Use your photo to enhance your professional…

Fun Fact Mondays-Virtual

Learn some fun facts on a particular topic by checking out our Facebook or Instagram page! 

Fun Fact Mondays-Virtual

Learn some fun facts on a particular topic by checking out our Facebook or Instagram page! 

Virtual Sundays on Stage: The Nutcracker

Pages to Pirouettes brings the story of Marie and the nutcracker to life, accompanied by the enchanting music of Tchaicovsky. This Sundays on Stage tradition is moving online this year, with a international recording of the…

Writing Skills for English Language Learners

Fridays October 2 - December 18, 2020 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. Online Learning Circle - Join our study group to improve your English writing skills.  Every week, participants will complete one lesson from 'ESL Basic Writing…

Virtual Storytime on Facebook Live

Weekly storytime for toddlers and preschoolers with Whitman’s Children’s Librarian on  facebook.com/WhitmanLibrary  

Adult Virtual Book Club: Her Body and Other Parties

Are you an adult who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you!   Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their…

Adult Virtual Book Club: Her Body and Other Parties

Are you an adult who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you!   Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their…

Adult Virtual Book Club: Her Body and Other Parties

Are you an adult who loves to read and wants to talk about some great books with fellow book lovers? We have some good news for you!   Several North Philly librarians from the Free Library of Philadelphia are now inviting their…

Virtual Full Circle Career Workshop: Excel Simple Formula Writing and Page Set-up

Interested in learning Excel Basics?  This session can introduce you to some of the most commonly used features!  Starting with an overview of Excel interface elements, moving into selection of cell ranges, and progressing to…

Headshots at the BRIC!

Get a FREE headshot photo taken at the Business Resource and Innovation Center! Headshots are a unique service for entrepreneurs, nonprofit professionals, job seekers, and more.  Use your photo to enhance your professional…

Virtual Program: Edible Alphabet English

Adults are invited to this FREE online English class. Each week we read, write, and speak in English--and cook a meal together (at our own homes, connected through videocall).   This class will meet on:…

Virtual- Kids' Crafternoon

Check out our Facebook or Instagram page to see a craft that you can do at home! Most crafts require materials you may already have at home! 

books to read

books i need to read soon

I Want Candy!

Get your sugar rush with these books about sweet treats and candy making!

World War II Picks for Teens

Fiction and nonfiction exploring World War II.

G.E.D. Test Prep

Resources to help understand and study what's on each of the four tests (math, reading, science, and English and language usage) to achieve your high school equivalency diploma.

Favorite Read Alouds

Recommendations from the children's librarians at Wynnefield Library and Walnut West.

Grief and Loss in the Teen Collection

Books about teens grieving loved ones, learning to live after unspeakable loss, and moving through pain to acceptance and peace.

Indigenous Peoples' Day

A collection of books for Indigenous Peoples' Day, curated in October 2020.

Eddie Van Halen

Virtuoso. Innovator. Shredder. Edward Van Halen was one of the greatest guitarists to ever live. Listen to some tunes and learn some guitar licks from titles available in our catalog \m/

Alice Dunbar-Nelson

Free Library resources in support of the Rosenbach's Digital Exhibition: "I Am an American!" The Authorship and Activism of Alice Dunbar-Nelson

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was an American jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States, who served 27 years and was an architect of the legal fight for women's rights starting in the 1970s. Here are some titles from our…

Chadwick Boseman

The talented and award-winning actor played several historical figures, such as Jackie Robinson in "42" (2013), James Brown in "Get on Up" (2014), and Thurgood Marshall in "Marshall" (2017). His role as the superhero Black Panther in the…

WealthEngine

WealthEngine is a research and screening tool which helps nonprofit organizations find individual prospects.

Value Line

Research, recommendations, rankings & financial information on 3,500 stocks, more than 2,000 mutual funds, as well as options, convertibles, & OTC special situations.

U.S. History In Context

Covers themes, events, individuals and periods in U.S. history from pre-colonial times to the present. The material also includes access to the citations for over 180 additional history journals from the Institute for Scientific…

U.S. Congressional Serial Set (1817-1980)

The bound, sequentially numbered volumes of all the Reports, Documents, and Journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives constitutes a rich source of primary source material on all aspects of American history. Upon…

TumbleBooks

TumbleBooks is an online collection of animated, talking picture books which teach kids the joy of reading in a format they'll love. Check out our home user guide

Student Resources In Context

"Thousands of curriculum-targeted primary documents, biographies, topical essays, background information, critical analyses, full-text coverage of 800 magazines, over 10,000 photographs and illustrations, and more than 8 hours of audio…

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is an authoritative, comprehensive Web-based reference work about philosophy, useful to scholars of all levels as well as the general public. Published through Stanford University’s Center for the…

Smithsonian Global Sound for Libraries

With an extraordinary array of more than 35,000 individual tracks of streaming music, spoken word, and natural and human-made sounds, users can listen to performances by American folk icons such as Woody Guthrie, Lead Belly, Pete Seeger…

Slavery in America and the World: History, Culture, and Law

This HeinOnline collection brings together a multitude of essential legal materials on slavery in the U.S. and the English-speaking world. It includes nearly 2,000 titles, with every statute passed by every colony and state on slavery,…

SimplyAnalytics

A mapping and data visualization application that makes it easy to create interactive maps and reports using powerful demographic, business, and marketing data. Watch this video to learn more

Veronica Chambers | Finish the Fight!: The Brave and Revolutionary Women Who Fought for the Right to Vote

In conversation with:  Rachelle Baker, illustrator; Jennifer Harlan, writer; Steffi Walthall, illustrator Veronica Chambers is the editor for Narrative Projects at The New York Times and a co-author of "Finish the Fight!" She joined The…

Nikki Giovanni | Make Me Rain

One of America’s most celebrated poets, the “outspoken, prolific, energetic” ( New York Times ) Nikki Giovanni is the author of numerous collections of poetry including  Acolytes ;  Black Feeling, Black Talk, Black Judgment ; and …

Colin Quinn | Overstated: A Coast-to-Coast Roast of the 50 States

Comedian, writer, and actor Colin Quinn’s decades-long career includes stints as anchor of  Saturday Night Live ’s “Weekend Update,” his own titular talk show, numerous standup specials, and appearances in multitudinous sitcoms, movies,…

Maria Hinojosa | Once I Was You: A Memoir of Love and Hate in a Torn America

In conversation with: Helen Ubiñas, metro columnist at the The Philadelphia Inquirer In her nearly 30 years as a journalist, Maria Hinojosa has reported for PBS, CBS, and CNN, among other outlets, and is the longtime anchor and…

Asha Lemmie | Fifty Words for Rain

In conversation with Tracey Matisak, award-winning broadcaster and journalist  Asha Lemmie’s  New York Times  bestselling novel  Fifty Words for Rain  tells the decades and continents-spanning story of Nori, a child born to a married…

B. Janet Hibbs and Anthony Rostain | The Stressed Years of Their Lives: Helping Your Kid Survive and Thrive During Their College Years

In conversation wth Elizabeth Mosier A longtime faculty member at Drexel University, the Family Institute, and Widener University, B. Janet Hibbs is a renowned expert on family issues and partner relationships. A professor of psychiatry…

Roddy Doyle | Love

In conversation with Liz Moore , best selling author of Long Bright River Lauded for his “marvelous” and “bloody brilliant” ( Toronto Star ) works of fiction, prolific novelist, dramatist, children’s author, and screenwriter Roddy…

Ezekiel J. Emanuel | Which Country Has the World’s Best Health Care?

Ezekiel J. Emanuel is Vice Provost for Global Initiatives and Chair of the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the University of Pennsylvania. An oncologist and author of nine books on medical ethics and healthcare, he…

Chris Wallace | Countdown 1945: The Extraordinary Story of the Atomic Bomb and the 116 Days That Changed the World

The popular anchor of Fox News Sunday, Chris Wallace has reported on nearly every watershed national and international political event. During his 50-year career in journalism, he has earned three Emmys, the duPont-Columbia Silver…

Inga Saffron | Becoming Philadelphia: How an Old American City Made Itself New Again

Architectural critic for the Philadelphia Inquirer for more than 20 years, Inga Saffron won the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for her sagacious critiques of urbanism, planning, and Philly’s hyper-rapid transformation after a half-century slump.…

Stacey Abrams | Our Time is Now: Power, Purpose, and the Fight for a Fair America

In conversation with Tamala Edwards, anchor, 6ABC Action News morning edition Stacey Abrams  is the New York Times bestselling author of  Lead from the Outside , a serial entrepreneur, nonprofit CEO, and political leader. After serving…

Donna Rifkind | The Sun and Her Stars: Salka Viertel and Hitler’s Exiles in the Golden Age of Hollywood

A prolific book critic whose reviews appear in the  Wall Street Journal , the  Washington Post , and the  New York Times Book Review , Donna Rifkind was a 2006 finalist for the Nona Balakian Citation for Excellence in Reviewing from the…

Imani Perry In Conversation with Kiese Laymon: On the Uprising since George Floyd's Murder and Black Struggles for Freedom in the United States

Imani Perry is the Hughes-Rogers Professor of African American Studies and faculty associate in the Program in Law and Public Affairs and Gender and Sexuality Studies at Princeton. She is the author of six books, most recently the…

Lauren Francis-Sharma | Book of the Little Axe

In conversation with Erica Armstrong Dunbar ,  award-winning author of Never Caught: The Washingtons' Relentless Pursuit of their Runaway Slave, Ona Judge  and She Came to Slay: The Life and Times of Harriet Tubman. Lauren…

Karla Cornejo Villavicencio | The Undocumented Americans

In conversation with Andrea González-Ramírez, Senior Writer at  GEN  and an Ida B. Wells fellow at Type Investigations.  Read Ms. González-Ramírez's interview with Karla Cornejo Villavicencio. Originally from Ecuador, Karla Cornejo…

Seanan McGuire | Middlegame and Imaginary Numbers

One of contemporary sci-fi/fantasy’s most popular writers, Seanan McGuire won the Hugo, Nebula, and Locus Awards for the Wayward Children series of books. Also the author of, among other books, the October Day series and the InCryptid…

Jennifer Steinhauer | The Firsts: The Inside Story of the Women Reshaping Congress

A reporter for the  New York Times  for 25 years, Jennifer Steinhauer has covered the United States Congress since 2010. Her former assignments include Los Angeles bureau chief and New York City Hall bureau chief. The winner of the…

Susan Choi | Trust Exercise with Jacqueline Woodson | Red at the Bone

Winner of the 2019 National Book Award for fiction, Trust Exercise follows a star-crossed suburban teen romance in a 1980s performing arts high school. Susan Choi ’s novels are known for excavating the hidden corners of the human heart…

David Wallace-Wells | The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming

In conversation with Dr. Rachel Valletta, Environmental Scientist at The Franklin Institute and director of all climate change education and outreach programming. A columnist and deputy editor at  New York  magazine, David Wallace-Wells…

Samantha Irby | Wow, No Thank You.

In conversation with New Yorker writer Jia Tolentino, author of Trick Mirror: Reflections on Self-Delusion In her popular long-running blog,  bitches gotta eat , Samantha Irby offers raw, humorous takes on her sometimes difficult…

African American History

In celebration of Black History Month and African American History as a whole, explore our resources on African American history and culture including famous African Americans From Philadelphia, Poets and Poetry, Speculative Fiction,…

American Presidency Series

Join the Free Library for a series of compelling provocative programs that examine the untold stories of, unconventional approaches to, and contemporary concerns about the world's most difficult job. The 2016 American Presidency Series…

Anime and Manga

Anime is an animation style originated in Japan that is characterized by distinctive characters and backgrounds. Storylines may include a variety of fictional or historical characters, events, and settings. Manga is Japanese for "comics"…

Asian Americans

Asian American resources for teens, cultural traditions and celebrations, biographies on famous Asian Americans, history of different Asian ethnic groups in America, lesson plans for teachers to explore a variety of Asian cultures, Asian…

Back to School

The start of another school year is underway here in Philadelphia! Get ready for school with these helpful resources for students, teachers, parents, and caregivers to help make the school year easier. Learn new study skills,…

Bestsellers

Find out about the latest bestsellers from many well known resources.

Black Lives Matter

The #BlackLivesMatter movement began in 2013 after a jury acquitted the armed civilian who murdered seventeen-year-old Trayvon Martin. Though activists and organizers have resisted the long history of police and state-sanctioned…

Cutting Clutter

Are you constantly trying to find papers you placed down on your desk? Is your closet overflowing with junk? Are you drowning in clutter and don't know where to begin to cleanup? Take charge with these books and resources on clutter,…

Digital Media Guide

Borrowing ebooks and audiobooks, downloading podcasts, and streaming media such as movies, music, and even comic books, from Free Library has never been easier. In this guide, we'll offer tips and information to get you started or…

Fantastic Planets

The void that exists between celestial bodies is vast. How many rings does Saturn have? Where did galaxies come from? What is Dark Matter? How do astronauts travel through space? Where does science fiction end and science fact begin?…

Fix It Yourself

Resources on how to do your own repairs on everyday items: Grab the scissors for sewing projects, drapery, upholstery, or even a haircut! View a list of do it yourself videos and tackle some of those household chores on your to-do list!…

Freedom Train

From July 1st through November 1st, the Rosenbach will feature Freedom Train 1947-1949, an exhibition on the history of the Freedom Train that toured the continuous 48 states in the post-war years. The topics of freedom, liberty, and…

Genealogy

This series of guides, web links, book lists, and resources will introduce you to the genealogical resources available through the Free Library of Philadelphia and to other important libraries and archives throughout the Philadelphia…

Graphic Novels

Graphic novels are, simply defined, book-length comics. Sometimes they tell a single, continous narrative from first page to last; sometimes they are collections of shorter stories or individual comic strips. Comics are sequential visual…

Green Living

Green living allows you to become an everyday environmentalist. Practitioners of sustainable living often attempt to reduce their carbon footprint by altering methods of transportation, energy consumption, and diet. Go green with these…

Grimm

Explore the world of the Brothers Grimm and their legendary tales.

Halloween

Hello boils and ghouls! It's that time of year again—Halloween! We've concocted a creepy cross section of spooky stories from our chilling collections of boo-ks, mad monsters in macabre movies, and scary soundtracks, as well as links to…

Health

What are your health questions? The Free Library can connect you with resources to help you live a healthier lifestyle, including research tools, cooking classes, resources to help you quit smoking or increase your exercise, and…

Health Literacy Month

October is Health Literacy Month, a month dedicated to promoting the importance of understandable health information. The month was first honored as an annual worldwide event in 1999 and continues to be an important initiative in…

Healthy Communities

Healthy Communities, a partnership with the Philadelphia Department of Public Health’s Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention , increases the library’s capacity to offer free, accessible cooking, physical activity, gardening…

Honeybees

The third Saturday in August is National Honeybee Day, a day to celebrate this small but vital insect. Philadelphians should be especially proud; the modern beehive, known as the Langstroth hive, was invented in the City of Brotherly…

Jerry Pinkney

Philadelphia born and raised, Jerry Pinkney is one of the most beloved artists in children’s literature, illustrating more than 100 books that have delighted children—and adults—for generations. This year, as the American Library…

LGBTQ

The Free Library of Philadelphia celebrates LGBTQ+ Pride Month in June with book and film recommendations, events for all ages, and resources in Philadelphia. Through this Explore Topic, you can also find lesbian, gay, bisexual,…

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important voice of the American civil rights movement, which worked for equal rights for all. He was famous for using nonviolent resistance to overcome injustice, and he never got tired of trying to…

Medieval Manuscripts

Are you interested in learning more about the history of people who lived in Europe between 500 and 1500 A.D.? Below you can find helpful information for your research or check out our Medieval Manuscript Digital Collection with over…

Philadelphia Cooks

Explore diverse cooking styles and cuisine throughout Philadelphia, read cookbooks by renowned Philly chefs, learn about the latest nutritional values and advancements, search or browse through The Philadelphia Inquirer's restaurant and…

Poetry

Poetry in all its forms including classic selections from our Literature Department, Haikus, poetry for children, and poetry with special appeal for tweens and teens. Read poets from diverse cultures and in other languages, as well as…

Remembering September 11th

On September 11th, 2001, the world changed. For those of us who experienced it as a current event, life can be divided between a before and after, and we can clearly remember where we were when the news first reached us. For those not…

Returning Citizens

Resources for returning citizens in the transition from incarceration to society including information on job training, housing assistance, and counseling services. One such resource is Bridges, which offers returning citizens from jails…

Season's Greetings

It's that time of year again, full of many diverse holiday celebrations including Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, the Winter Solstice, and New Year's. This Explore Topic features lists of great books, music, and movies to share and learn…

Shakespeare

William Shakespeare, born in 1564, was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. Poet Ben Johnson wrote “He was not of an age but for all…

STEM

An acronym referring to the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics fields of study. The term was created for schools from kindergarten through college to improve competitiveness in learning and workforce development. "Science"…

Talking About Consent

As librarians, we are frequently asked to offer advice about resources that help explain current events to young children. When a disturbing story appears in the news, parents and caregivers may struggle to find age-appropriate…

Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving is a public holiday celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November throughout the United States. It originated as a harvest festival of giving thanks and although it has historical roots in religious and cultural traditions,…

The Olympics

The Olympic Games are the world's foremost sports competition, featuring thousands of athletes from around the world who participate in a variety of events. More than 200 nations participate every four years, alternating between the…

U.S. Elections and Politics

The United States presidential election will be held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. In addition to candidates for U.S. president and vice president, the Pennsylvania ballot includes candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives, the PA…