The Hymnal of the Pietists of the Wissahickon


Item Info

Item No: frkm001000
Title: The Hymnal of the Pietists of the Wissahickon
Scripts/Text: Fraktur; German script; Roman script
Language: German; English; Dutch; Latin
Physical Description: 539 leaves
Material: Laid paper; gall ink; calf leather; thread
Watermark: Fleur-de-lis, Rittenhouse; lion en rampant, Villedary; 2 fragments, center edge of each leaf
Category: Commonplace book (Tagebuch)
Media Type: Manuscripts
Source: Rare Book Department

 Additional titles of works copied into this manuscript include 
  Bernard, of Clairvaux, Saint: Jesu dulcis memoria
  Kelpius, John: Poems
  Teresa, of Avila, Saint: Meditations on the Song of Songs

Binding: Full calf with blind tooling; sewn through the fold on four cords.

ête-bêche format: Similar to a tête-bêche, the creator of this Ms left 6 leaves blank, then copied the Jean-Marie Guyon A Short and Easie Method of Prayer 1704 translation [52 leaves]…into the front of the work, followed by 53 leaves of blank paper. The Ms was flipped to record hymns (text & music) in German, Dutch, and English, as well as descriptions of ecstatic religious experiences, and poetry at the back of the MS on an additional 428 leaves, so that when one text runs head-to-tail, the other runs tail-to-head. Like a tête-bêche, the two texts are bound together in a single spine, but unlike a tête-bêche, there is a back cover, and there are no double front covers.


Associated Names: Selig, Johann Gottfried (1668-1745)
Provenance: Borneman, Henry Stauffer, 1870-1955
Lehman, Benjamin, 1760-1839


Christopher Boyd Brown, Singing the Gospel: Lutheran Hymns and the Success of the Reformation (Cambridge, Mass. London, England: Harvard University Press, 2005). 

William Algernon Churchill, Watermarks in Paper in Holland, England, France, etc. in the XVII and XVIII Centuries (Amsterdam: M. Hertzberger, 1935), Repr. 1967, 1985, and 1990), Fig 117, Seven Provinces [Holland], Year=1707 p. LXXXIII, and p. [70].

Harrold E. Gillingham, “Benjamin Lehman, a Germantown Cabinetmaker,” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (Philadelphia: The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1930), Vol. LIV, No. 4, pp. 289-306.

Thomas L. Gravell and George Miller,  American Watermarks 1690-1835 (New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2002), Fig. 619, p. 134; Rittenhouse Papermill, 301-302.  

Dard Hunter, Papermaking In Pioneer America (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1952), pp. 20-28. 

Creation Year (Single Year or Range Begin): ca. 1709
Image Dimensions Width: 19.7 cm
ShelfMark: FLP Borneman Ms. 1
Creator Name: Guyon, Jeanne Marie Bouvier de La Motte, 1648-1717 - Author
Kelpius, John, 1667?-1708 - Author
Bernard, of Clairvaux, Saint, 1090 or 1091-1153 - Author
Teresa, of Avila, Saint, 1515-1582 - Author

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