Item No: twcp00074
Title: Halt the epidemic! Stop spitting- everybody
Print and Picture Collection
This 1918 poster was created in response to the virulent “Spanish Flu” (later called the swine flu, and today, the H1N1 virus), which affected Philadelphia for a year, beginning in September 1918. It was believed that spitting was a contributing factor to the swift spread of the illness--but there were more factors than the uncleanliness of the streets, to account for it.
Regardless of the differing theories about where the epidemic started, it reached Philadelphia by early September 1918, after infected sailors from Boston came to the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Once patients began appearing, it became apparent how ill-informed and ill-prepared the City was. World War I created demands for increased labor at home and doctors abroad. This resulted in overcrowding in the city, and critical shortages of the doctors, hospital space, morgues, and burial services necessary to handle an out-of-control crisis. Accelerating the devastation was the City’s refusal (against the advice of the medical experts) to cancel a rally for the Fourth Liberty Loan Campaign, which brought 200,000 Philadelphians together on Broad Street, on September 28. Within three days (the incubation period of the virus), the number of cases skyrocketed. The epidemic in Philadelphia claimed 16,000 lives altogether, with 12,000 of those deaths occurring in the five-week period immediately following that war bonds rally. Per capita, Philadelphia was the city hardest hit in America by the epidemic.
Creation Year (Single Year or Range Begin):
United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation - Publisher