Item No: mca1312342
Additional Title: Book of Hours, use of Utrecht
Rare Book Department
Instruments of the Passion
This miniature depicts the Instruments of the Passion of Christ, or the "Arma Christi" (Weapons of Christ) as they are sometimes called. These are the objects associated with the pain and suffering that Christ experienced leading up to his death on the Cross. Here, (from left to right and down), the crown of thorns, a spear, a lance with a sponge, a cross, four nails, a hand that struck Christ, two scourges, another hand holding a lock of Christ's hair, a column, nail pincers, and hammer are revered as the weapons with which Christ defeated sin and saved mankind. The inscription on the scroll woven through the heart representing Christ tells the reader "This is my rest for ever and ever." Below the miniature is a poem reminding the reader that "In Jesus' cross and in his wounds, one can find rest at all hours."
This book of hours contains the Dutch translations of some of the devotional texts typically found in Latin books of hours. The Dutch translations were made around 1380 by Geert Groote, one of the founders of a popular religious movement in the Netherlands. Known as the Devotio Moderna, or "Modern Devotion," the movement emphasized devotion to the life and humanity of Christ and aimed to enhance the spiritual lives of the laity.
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Lewis E 131
Geert Groote (translator) - Author