The members were: Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson,and George Ross.
His last words were "A dying man can do nothing easily."
The first newspaper cartoon was “Join or Die”, which depicted a snake cut up into segments representing South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and New England. It was published by Benjamin Franklin in his Pennsylvania Gazette on May 9, 1754 and was quickly reprinted in almost every newspaper in America.
The Union Fire Company, thought to be the first volunteer fire company in the world, was founded in Philadelphia in 1736 in response to Ben Franklin's campaign in the Pennsylvania Gazette.
The Library Company of Philadelphia is the first subscription, or social, library. It was founded in 1731 in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin and his friends.
In December of 1750 Benjamin Franklin gathered a group of friends to partake of a turkey dinner after witnessing his execution of a turkey by electricity. Although he had done this successfully in his backyard, on this occasion Franklin erred and absorbed the shock himself, while the turkey escaped. But his account of the experiment in his book, Experiments and Observations on Electricity, led other chefs to try the technique, making him the father of electric cooking.
The Die Philadelphische Zeitung, a German newspaper and the first foreign language newspaper published in the U.S., was published by Benjamin Franklin on May 6, 1732.
He was also a cartographer. In 1768 he and his cousin, Timothy Folger, a merchant marine captain, were the first to map the Gulf Stream. The stream's current slowed ships sailing west and Franklin's map enabled sailors to avoid the current and sail from Europe to America more quickly.
If you visit Christ Church, you will find markers showing the pews where George Washington, Robert Morris, Benjamin Franklin and Betsy Ross once sat. The church is now a National Shrine.
Benjamin Franklin's grave is in the Christ Church burial ground at 5th and Arch Streets. He was buried in April of 1790; the cemetery was bought by Christ Church in 1719. It is said to be lucky to toss a penny on his grave.
No, but he belongs in spirit to all public libraries. Afforded only two years of formal schooling, the young Franklin took charge of his own extraordinary education, borrowing and buying books as he could. In 1731, he and a group of friends pooled their own books to found the Library Company of Philadelphia, which was supported by subscription fees paid by its members. That was the first public library in the American colonies, and it grew to serve the city and the emerging nation well for many decades. However, borrowing books from it was not free, and it was not related to the Free Library of Philadelphia, which was chartered much later, in 1891. Today Franklin's Library Company of Philadelphia survives on Locust Street as a scholarly research library rich in rare books and documents.
According to the Julian calendar then in use, Ben was born on January 6, 1705, but in 1752 Britain and its territories adopted the Gregorian calendar, ‘losing’ eleven days in the process, and moving New Year's Day from March 25 to January 1, so we celebrate his birthday on January the 17th of 1706.
The Author of The Way to Wealth and countless aphorisms such as: A penny saved is a penny earned, would seem to be our greatest promoter of early American capitalism. Then why, in 1776, as president of the constitutional convention to create a new framework of government for Pennsylvania, did he try to enact a provision limiting the amount of wealth a citizen could accumulate? In fact, terms such as capitalism and socialism are more recent political ideas and don’t fit easily into Franklin’s 18th Century world. What Ben seemed to believe was that honest wealth acquired through honest labor was valid, but that great wealth, especially inherited wealth of the type accumulated by the Penn family, was corrupting of democratic principles. In any case, Ben’s provision was not considered.
Source: Srodes, James Franklin:The Essential Founding Father (2002) p.283
This has been a controversial issue for over a century, and several recent books purport to prove the claim that the kite experiment never took place. Here is what we know:
But not the Free Library of Philadelphia (founded 1891)
During most of his life Franklin owned slaves and carried advertisements for the sale of slaves in his newspaper, but late in life he became an abolitionist. In 1787 he became President of the Pennsylvania society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, which not only advocated for the abolition of slavery but worked to integrate freed slaves into the community. In 1790, shortly before his death, Franklin submitted the Society's petition to abolish slavery to the first Congress of the United States.